The Twelfth Corps’ First Division’s First Brigade is honored by a monument.
Location: Slocum Avenue, south end.
Description: Erected 1912. One of 74 Union brigade monuments erected at Gettysburg by the United States War Department to describe the movements and itinerary of each Union brigade of the Army of the Potomac. The monuments were designed by E.B. Cope. Many of the inscription tablets were made of bronze melted down from Civil War cannons. The pedestal consists of sea-green granite with a square base. Base tapers to a smaller dimension at the tablet. On each pedestal is mounted a bronze inscription tablet describing the movements and actions of the unit.
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
TWELFTH CORPS FIRST DIVISION
Col. Archibald L. McDougall
5th 20th Connecticut 3D Maryland
123D 145th New York 46th Penna. Infantry
July 1. Marched from Littlestown and when within two miles of Gettysburg advanced on Wolf Hill then occupied by a Confederate force. Retired and bivouacked until morning.
July 2. Crossed Rock Creek in the morning and formed in two lines on Culp’s Hill to the right of Second Division. The rear line behind a stone wall the front line forty yards in front where breastworks were immediately constructed. Late in the day went to support of Third Corps line and after dark returned and found the works and woods in rear in possession of Major Gen. Johnson’s Confederate Division.
July 3. At daylight the Brigade with the artillery and infantry of the Corps attacked Major Gen. Johnson’s Division which had been reinforced from Major Gen. Early’s and Major Gen. Rodes’ Divisions and at 10.30 A. M. recaptured the works after a fierce contest. In the afternoon sent to the support of Second Corps.
July 4. The 123D New York 5th Conn. and 46th Penna. with the regiments of Third Brigade and a battery made a reconnaissance in the morning in front and to the town of Gettysburg under Col. S. Colgrove and Major Gen. H. W. Slocum and found no Confederate forces.
Casualties Killed 1 Officer 11 Men Wounded 4 Officers 56 Men Captured or Missing 1 Officer 7 Men Total 80