The monument to the 1st Division of the 11th Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Location: Located at Barlow’s Knoll, north side of East Howard Avenue.
Description: One of 22 Union division monuments that describe the movements and itinerary of each division of the Army of the Potomac. Designed by E. B. Cope and erected by the U.S. War Department. Concrete foundation, Winnsboro (South Carolina) granite monument, bronze inscription tablet. Seven foot tall monolith.
ARMY OF THE POTOMAC
Brig. Gen. Francis C. Barlow Brig. Gen. Adelbert Ames
First Brigade Col. Leopold Von Gilsa
Second Brigade Brig. Gen. Adelbert Ames Col. Andrew L. Harris
July 1. Arrived about 10.00 A. M. and went into position on a hill about a mile north from the town the left extending southwesterly connecting the Third Division. Attacked by Dole’s and Gordon’s Georgia Brigades under enfilading fire from Jones’s Artillery Battalion. Hoke’s and Hays’s Brigades of Early’s Division moved across Rock Creek upon the right and rear and compelled a retreat through the town to Cemetery Hill and the Division took position on East Cemetery Hill and at its base, the First Corps on the right, Third Division on the left.
July 2. About 8 P. M. was attacked by Hoke’s and Hays’s Brigades which swept up among the batteries at the top. The attack was repulsed about 9.00 P. M. with the aid of First Brigade Third Division Second Corps.
July 3. At 1 P. M. heavy cannonade opened and continued with considerable effect for an hour and a half followed by a charge on the Second Corps on the left which was repulsed with great loss.
Casualties Killed 9 Officers 113 Men Wounded 46 Officers 631 Men Captured or Missing 15 Officers 492 Men Total 1306