90th Pennsylvania Infantry

The 90th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment served as members of Baxter’s Brigade in Robinson’s Division of the First Corps, Army of the Potomac. The regiment is honored by two monuments and a position stone.

Monument to the 90th Pennsylvania Infantry. Gettysburg August 2011

Dedicated: Sept. 3, 1889.

Location: Oak Hill, east side of Doubleday Avenue. It indicates the position held by the 90th Pennsylvania Infantry on the early afternoon of July 1, 1863, when attacked by Rodes’ Division until compelled to retreat

Description: Sculpture depicts a branchless oak tree trunk from which various objects hang. These objects include a knapsack, cartridge box, rifle, Corps disk insignia, shield and State Seal. A bird perches on an upper branch where her nest and chick are located. Vines are draped around the lower portion of the trunk. The most notable feature of the monument is the bird’s nest with baby birds nestled inside while the mother bird keeps close watch over her brood. It is alleged that during the battle a soldier saw a robin’s nest tumble to the ground and he climbed up to replace it with the babies still alive inside. The “tree” stands fourteen feet high. Interestingly, the flank markers that mark the right and left flank of the regiment are also miniature tree stumps.